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How do i cite the Nuremberg code in APA format, in-text & on the bibliography

Last Updated: May 28, 2017  |  1618 Views

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We received a similar question to yours this past January.  Although the citation and reference style being used by that student was AMA instead of APA, the basic process for deciding on the citation and reference is the same regardless of the style.

Here is part of what Stephen Buss wrote in reply to that question:

Thank you for sending us such an interesting citation question.  The general guideline for citing thorny documents like this is "cite what you see".  The exact elements you include will depend on what is included on the PDF you have in hand.  Generally-speaking, I would view the Nuremberg Code as a government document/report, since that is the form it originally took when recorded from the proceedings of the Nuremberg war crimes trials following World War II.  Originally, the Nuremberg Code was recorded as "PERMISSIBLE MEDlCAL EXPERIMENTS" in Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals under Control Council Law No. 10, Vol. 2, pp. 181-182. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1949.  Here is a PDF of this book:

The problem is that the passage comprising the Nuremberg Code is reprinted in so many different places, which complicates the citing process.  It was even reprinted in some journals, and in those cases would be cited like a journal article...

(For Stephen's full reply to that question, go to the Ask A Librarian page,, and search for 'nuremberg'.)

If the copy of the Nuremberg Code that you are using is from a book or journal, follow the rules for the appropriate format in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.  If your copy of the code comes from online, I suggest that you check out this post at the APA Style Blog:  The APA Style Blog can be very helpful in creating citations and references.  

I hope this helps!  Let us know if you have additional questions--


Answered by Leslie Ann BowmanBookmark and Share

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